Rottweiler Dog Breed Information


The Rottweiler is a large, muscular dog originally bred in Germany to be a working dog. Today, they are still used as working dogs in many professions, but they are also popular pets. Rottweilers are loyal and protective of their families, and they can be aggressive if not properly trained and socialized. If you are thinking of adding a Rottweiler to your family, do your research and find a reputable breeder.

Rottweilers are large dogs weighing around 100 pounds (45 kg) or more. They are powerful and athletic, with a thick, muscular body and short coat. The most distinguishing feature of the Rottweiler is its black and tan coat, which can be pretty sleek and shiny. They have a broad head with a square muzzle and dark, almond-shaped eyes. Their ears are triangular and hang down close to their head.

Breed Facts

Country of Origin: Germany
Breed StandardsFCI Breed StandardAKC Breed StandardKC UK Breed Standard

Colours: White, Black, Brown, Grey, Orange ClassificationToy (AKC), Group 5 – Spitz & Primitive Dogs (FCI)


Suitable for Apartment Living
Good for Novice Owners
Animal Friendly
Friendly with Kids
Friendly Towards Strangers
Friendly Towards Family
Easy to Groom
General Health
Easy to Train

Overall Breed Rating

The Rottweiler is a Popular Breed



Rottweilers are considered a “working” dog breed, and they have been used for centuries as cattle drovers and butcher’s dogs. They are known for their intelligence, courage, and strength, as well as their calm demeanor. Rottweilers make excellent family pets, but they require a lot of exercise and training. They can be territorial and protective of their family and home, so it is essential to socialize them from a young age.

Rottweilers were originally bred in the town of Rottweil, Germany, in the early 19th century. The breed was created by crossing various local herding and working dogs, including the Danziger Mastiff, to create a dog that could be used for cattle droving and butchering. The resulting breed was more extensive and powerful than its predecessors, and it quickly became famous for its strength and abilities.

During World War I and II, the Rottweiler breed nearly became extinct due to a lack of food and resources. However, a few dedicated breeders kept the bloodline alive, and the breed began to make a comeback in the 1950s. Today, the Rottweiler is a popular breed worldwide and is used for a variety of purposes, including as working dogs, guard dogs, and family pets.


Rottweilers are loyal, loving, and protective dogs. They are also very playful and friendly with children. However, they can be aggressive toward other animals if not properly socialized. Rottweilers need to be trained and exercised regularly to prevent them from becoming bored or destructive. They are excellent guard dogs and make great pets for active families.

Health Issues

The Rottweiler is a large dog breed known for its robust health. However, like any other dog breed, the Rottweiler is susceptible to specific health issues—Rottweilers’ most common health problems include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and cancer.

Hip dysplasia is a condition that affects the hip joints and can cause pain and lameness in the dog. Elbow dysplasia is a condition that affects the elbows and can cause joint pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion. Cancer is a common problem in all dogs, and Rottweilers are no exception. Some types of cancer seen in Rottweilers include lymphoma, osteosarcoma, and hemangiosarcoma.

While these health problems can be severe, it’s important to remember that they are not necessarily common in Rottweilers. Most Rottweilers are healthy dogs with long lifespans. With proper care and regular check-ups with the vet, your Rottweiler can enjoy a long, healthy life.

Feeding and Care

Rottweilers need plenty of exercise, both physical and mental. A bored Rottweiler can become destructive. They need at least one hour of exercise per day. This can be a walk, run, or playtime in the yard.

Rottweilers should have a well-balanced diet. They should not be fed table scraps, which can lead to obesity and other health problems. Commercial dog food is the best option, and Rottweilers should have a diet that is high in protein and low in carbohydrates.

Rottweilers require frequent brushing to keep their coat healthy and free of mats. They should also be bathed regularly, especially if they spend a lot of time outdoors. Their ears should be cleaned and their nails trimmed regularly.

Rottweilers are loyal and protective dogs and make great family pets. With proper care, they can live for 10-12 years.

Size, Coat & Grooming

The Rottweiler is a large dog breed that typically weighs between 80 and 130 pounds and stands about 24 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a short, coarse coat that is black with rust-colored markings. The Rottweiler’s skin requires minimal care, but they need to be groomed regularly to keep their nails trimmed and their ears clean.

Due to its size, the Rottweiler is not an ideal pet for everyone. They are best suited for those with plenty of space in their home and yard and experienced dog owners. Rottweilers require plenty of exercise and can be quite boisterous, so they aren’t recommended for families with young children. However, they make loyal and protective pets and are known to be very intelligent. If you’re interested in adding a Rottweiler to your family, do your research and find a reputable breeder.

Frequently Asked Questions

The average lifespan of a Rottweiler is 8 to 10 years. However, some can live as long as 12 years or more.

Some common health problems that Rottweilers face include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, spinal cord compression, and bloat. They may also experience eye problems such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and Cataracts.

Rottweilers can be good with children if they are properly socialized and trained. However, they may be too big and strong for small children, so it is important to always supervise them when they are around a Rottweiler.

The temperament of a Rottweiler can vary depending on the individual dog. However, they typically have a calm and confident demeanor, and are loyal and protective of their family members.

The best way to train a Rottweiler is with positive reinforcement methods such as praise, treats, and playtime. They respond well to gentle discipline and should never be physically punished.

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