Pomeranian Dog Breed Information


Pomeranians, also known as Zwergspitz (Miniature Spitz) or Poms, are adorable and friendly little dogs belonging to the Spitz family. The Keeshond, Samoyed, Alaskan Malamute, Akita, and Chow Chow are just a few examples of relatives of the Pomeranian. As their name suggests, they come from the Pomerania region in Northern Poland and Germany.

Pomeranians are vivacious and playful dogs, but they can also be quite stubborn. They are brilliant and learn new tricks quickly, but they may not always obey commands. They are alert and have a strong protective instinct, but they are not aggressive.

Pomeranians are one of the most popular dog breeds globally and have been owned by some incredibly famous people, including Queen Victoria, Winston Churchill, and Elvis Presley.

Breed Facts

Country of Origin: Germany, Poland
Breed StandardsFCI Breed StandardAKC Breed StandardKC UK Breed Standard

Colours: White, Black, Brown, Grey, Orange
ClassificationToy (AKC), Group 5 – Spitz & Primitive Dogs (FCI)


Suitable for Apartment Living
Good for Novice Owners
Animal Friendly
Friendly with Kids
Friendly Towards Strangers
Friendly Towards Family
Easy to Groom
General Health
Easy to Train

Overall Breed Rating

The German Shepherd Dog is a Popular Breed



The Pomeranian is a breed of dog that was first bred in Germany. They are descended from the larger Spitz-type dogs. The smaller size of the Pomeranian made them famous as lap dogs. Queen Victoria is credited with helping to popularize the breed, and she is said to have owned many Pomeranians. Today, the Pomeranian is a popular breed in the United States and worldwide. They are known for their thick coat of fur, which comes in various colors, including black, brown, white, orange, and red. They are playful and affectionate dogs that make good companions.


The Pomeranian is a lively, intelligent, and playful dog breed that loves to be around people. They are very active and enjoy playing fetch or going for walks. They also make excellent watchdogs due to their conservative nature.

Pomeranians are typically good with children and other pets, but they may be territorial around strangers. They can be quick to bark and may need some training to learn when it is appropriate to do so.

Overall, the Pomeranian is a loving and friendly dog breed that makes a great companion for families or individuals. They are relatively easy to care for and only require moderate exercise. If you are looking for a small dog breed full of personality, the Pomeranian may be the perfect dog for you!

Health Issues

The health issues of the Pomeranian dog breed are numerous and can vary from one dog to the next. Some of the most common health problems seen in Poms include weight gain, eye problems, dental problems, and skin allergies.

Pomeranians are prone to weight gain if they are not exercised regularly and are fed a high-calorie diet. Obesity can lead to several health problems, including heart disease, joint pains, and diabetes. Owners of Pomeranians should keep a close eye on their dog’s weight and make sure they get enough exercise.

Pomeranians are also prone to eye problems, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and corneal dystrophy. These conditions can cause blindness if they are not treated promptly. Poms should have their eyes checked regularly by a veterinarian to ensure early detection and treatment of these problems.

Dental problems are also common in Pomeranians. Tartar buildup and gum disease can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Poms should have their teeth cleaned regularly by a veterinarian to prevent these problems.

Skin allergies are another common problem in Pomeranians. Allergens such as pollen, dust, and mites can cause skin inflammation, itching, and hair loss. Owners of Poms should keep their dog’s environment clean and free of allergens as much as possible. They should also use a good quality pet shampoo and conditioner to help keep the skin healthy.

By knowing the common health problems of Pomeranians, owners can take steps to prevent them from occurring in their dogs. Regular vet check-ups and preventive care are essential for keeping a Pom healthy and happy.

Feeding and Care

Pomeranians are one of the most popular small dog breeds, and it’s no wonder. They’re lively, affectionate, and make great companion animals. But before you bring a Pom home, you should know a few things about their care and feeding requirements.

Pomeranians are prone to weight gain, so it’s essential to keep their diet in check. Low-calorie dog food is a good option, and make sure they get plenty of exercises.

Poms also require a lot of grooming. They need to be brushed at least once a week to keep their coat healthy and free of mats. Bathing should be done as needed, but avoid doing it too often as it can dry out their skin.

Pomeranians should have two or three small meals per day when it comes to feeding. And always make sure they have fresh water available.

Pomeranians are a high energy breed, so they need plenty of exercise. A daily walk is a good start, but they also enjoy playing fetch and other active games.

So if you’re looking for a small dog that will bring lots of love and joy into your life, the Pomeranian is a great choice. Just be sure to keep their diet and exercise needs in mind, and they’ll be a loyal and faithful companion for years to come.

Size, Coat & Grooming

Pomeranians are small but sturdy dogs that come in various colors, including black, white, orange, and red. They have a thick coat of fur that should be brushed regularly to keep them free of mats and tangles. Pomeranians also need to be groomed periodically to keep their coats looking neat. Generally, they only need to be bathed once a month or so, but their fur should be trimmed around the eyes and anus regularly. Pomeranians weigh between 3 and 7 pounds and typically measure about 7-10 inches in height. They make excellent household pets and are known for being friendly, playful, and loving.

Frequently Asked Questions

Many people believe that Pomeranians are excellent with children because of their small size and personality. However, it is always important to closely supervise any interactions between small children and dogs to ensure everyone’s safety.

Pomeranians only need a moderate amount of exercise. A short walk or playtime in the yard is generally enough. However, be sure to adjust their activity level depending on the weather; they will need more exercise when it’s hot outside and less when it’s cold.

Pomeranians are known for being very vocal dogs. They will often bark to alert their owners of anything they deem suspicious or unusual. However, with proper training, most Pomeranians can learn to only bark when necessary.

Pomeranians typically have a lifespan of 10-12 years. However, with good care and proper nutrition, they may live longer.

Banner Image

Dog Breed Information